访问CDC的 预防和治疗 page to learn about how to protect yourself from respiratory illnesses, like COVID-19. 和任何呼吸道病毒一样, you can protect yourself and others by taking every day preventative actions:
- Know how it spreads; COVID-19 is spread through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, 打喷嚏或谈判.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- 在接受治疗前先打电话. Be sure to get care if you have trouble breathing, or have any other 紧急预警信号或者你认为是紧急情况.
- Avoid close contact with people; especially those who are sick. Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others even if you do not feel sick.
- Monitor your health daily; stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
What should I do if I had close contact with someone who has COVID-19?
如果你可能已经感染了COVID-19，请呆在家里. 检疫 is used to keep someone who might have been exposed to COVID-19 away from others. 检疫 helps prevent spread of disease that can occur before a person knows they are sick or if they are infected with the virus without feeling symptoms. 被隔离的人应该呆在家里, separate themselves from others and monitor their health for 14 days following last exposure.
- Anyone who was within 6 feet of an infected person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period starting from 2 days before illness onset (or, 对于无症状的患者, 2 days prior to test specimen collection) until the time the patient is isolated.
- You provided care at home to someone who is sick with COVID-19
- You had direct physical contact with the person (touched, hugged or kissed them)
- They sneezed, coughed or somehow got respiratory droplets on you
If you are a close contact of someone with COVID-19 or you 出现COVID-19症状, call your healthcare provider and tell them about your symptoms and your exposure.
隔离 is used to separate people infected with the virus from people who are not infected. People who are in isolation should stay home until it’s safe for them to be around others. When you can be around others (end home isolation) depends on different factors for different situations. 查找疾病控制中心针对你的情况的建议.
CDC recommends individuals should stay home for 14 days after your last contact with a person who has COVID-19. Even if you test negative for COVID-19 or feel healthy, you should stay home (quarantine) since symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. 看到 美国疾病控制与预防中心的场景 to determine when you can end quarantine and be around others. 根据你的情况，有 减少隔离的方案.
使用布面覆盖物 to Help Slow the Spread of COVID-19
疾控中心建议穿 布的面具 in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies), especially in areas of significant community-based transmission. CDC also advises the use of simple 布的面具 to slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others. Cloth face coverings fashioned from household items or made at home from common materials at low cost can be used as an additional, 自愿的公共卫生措施. Cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, 任何呼吸困难的人, 或者是无意识的, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance. The 布的面具 recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators. Those are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders, 按照当前CDC指南的建议. The goal is to prevent positive asymptomatic COVID-19 individuals from spreading the virus if they were to sneeze, 咳嗽或摸他们的脸. Wearing the covering does not take the place of social distancing and hand washing.
Understanding that there is some growing fatigue around the public response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Tulsa Health Department (THD) has released an advertising campaign focused on reinforcing the three recommended enhanced hygiene practices.
Agree to the Three W’s campaign, encourages Tulsa County residents to continue to: Wear a Mask. 洗你的手. 小心你的距离. There are strong indications that following the Three W’s is effective in slowing the spread of the virus.
虽然性质严肃, this campaign takes a more light-hearted approach to the situation, 提醒市民,, 不幸的是, 由于一些人的无症状反应, 危险可能隐藏在显而易见的地方. Exposure to COVID-19 can happen even in an environment where people feel they are safe.
The Agree to the Three W’s campaign was developed in collaboration with local firms: Signal Factory, Bear Agency Group和Scoutly. THD has partnered with the City of Tulsa and Tulsa County on the prevention campaign, which was made possible through Tulsa County CARES Act funding.